civilians and prisoners of war (POWs). Fascist Italy objected to German claims in the Balkans and on Austria, which Benito Mussolini considered to be in Italy's sphere of influence. Betrayal: German Churches and the Holocaust. First-year students also had to serve six months in a labour camp for the Reich Labour Service ; an additional ten weeks service were required of second-year students. The Coming of the Third Reich. By 1939, around 250,000 of Germany's 437,000 Jews had emigrated to the United States, Argentina, Great Britain, Palestine, and other countries. In February 1941, the German Afrika Korps arrived in Libya to aid the Italians in the North African Campaign. Wartime rationing of consumer goods led to an increase in personal savings, funds which were in turn lent to the government to support the war effort. In 1936, a Confessing Church envoy protested to Hitler against the religious persecutions and human rights abuses. As the bill required a two-thirds majority to pass, the Nazis used intimidation tactics as well as the provisions of the Reichstag Fire Decree to keep several Social Democratic deputies from attending, and the Communists had already been banned. Jewish civil servants lost their jobs in 1933, except for those who had seen military service in World War. Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte (in German). On, Hitler gave a speech before the Reichstag outlining his desire for world peace and accepted an offer from American President Franklin.